- Healthy & Varied Diet
Providing a healthy and varied diet for your parrot is extremely important. Not only do they need seeds and pellets, but they also require plenty of vegetables and fruit. Be sure to avoid harmful foods that may be toxic to your parrot.
- Cage Size
Make sure your parrot has a cage that is adequately sized for them. A cage cannot be too large, it can only be too small. Parrots need to have plenty of room to move around. The cage should be big enough to accommodate perches, bird toys and several food dishes; as well as allowing for exercise. .
- Out of Cage Time
Make sure your parrot gets plenty of exercise and time outside of his/her cage. Even a large cage will not allow for sufficient physical and mental stimulation. Try putting a play gym or two in areas that you or your family usually hangs out in. This may make a huge difference in your parrot's quality of life.
- Toys & Perches
Your parrot needs a variety of toys and perches in their cage. Toys are to provide enrichment and play time. For larger birds you can buy suitable lengths of hardwood perch materials at most pet supply shops. For the smaller birds, tree limbs work best. Position the perches in a way that they might be used in the wild. The smaller birds enjoy a tree-like setup where as the larger birds prefer horizontal perches.
Parrots are social creatures by nature. They enjoy the company of other living beings around them. If you only have one parrot, do make sure that your parrot is kept in the family room, or any other room the family usually hangs out in. Do make sure to spend quality time with your parrot. If you find you are too busy, get another parrot as a companion. It will take time for them to get to know each other and they may "buddy up" eventually. But even if they never really bond, they will still enjoy watching each other and interacting.
Light exposure is also important for parrots. Make sure to expose your parrot to natural light outdoors or full-spectrum lighting indoors.
Your parrot should be given regular opportunities to bathe, as a regular grooming routine will promote feather and skin health. There are different ways to achieve this. Smaller birds may like a shallow dish to bathe in. Some birds like to "shower" underneath the faucet while others prefer to be misted with a clean spray bottle of water. Try to let your bird bathe several times a month in the summer but one or twice a month in winter should be plenty due to the colder temperatures.
Parrots need between 10-12 hours of sleep every night. Enough sleep is vital to a pet bird’s well-being and immune system. Try to stick to a consistent schedule since that is just as important as the amount of sleep a parrot receives.