A parrot’s cage is it’s “home” and should be as comfortable as possible for the parrot. The cage is where owners place a bird when they are away to keep it from harm. The bird should spend large amounts of supervised time outside of its cage, so the cage needs to be of comfortable size when the bird is in it. Make sure your parrot has a cage that is adequately sized for them. A cage cannot be too large, it can only be too small. Parrots need to have plenty of room to move around. The cage should be big enough to accommodate perches, bird toys and several food dishes; as well as allowing for exercise.
Bar spacing is important to take into consideration when determining if a cage is a good fit for your parrot. Too wide of bar spacing for can lead to escape or injury.
The quality and type of a perch is important for the amount of time a parrot spends on a perch. Position the perches in a way that they might be used in the wild. The smaller birds enjoy a tree-like set up whereas the larger birds prefer horizontal perches. Small birds need room in their cage for multiple perches since they tend to flit from perch to perch. This pertains especially to finches and canaries. Large birds need multiple perches too that allow for activity within their cage.
A parrot needs perches of several diameters in their cage. This is to prevent foot problems from developing by allowing for even wear on feet. If a bird’s scales are thinning on the underside of their ankle then they should be provided with perches with a smaller diameter.
Be certain your parrot has hard and soft perches in their cage. A soft perch can be made of rubber, rope, or padding a perch with paper towels or moleskin.
It is recommended to use paper on the bottom of the cage so that you can monitor droppings easily. Monitoring droppings allows for you to notice any changes that may lead to the detection of diseases or infections.
Toys have a large role to play in the well-being of your companion parrot as they provide enrichment and play time. A parrot that spends his days locked in his cage with little to occupy his beak or mind is being deprived of the stimulation that he needs to stay psychologically healthy. Parrot toys provide opportunities for natural activities similar to those that would occur in the wild. Parrot toys can be designed to be mentally or physically challenging, to teach, or to entertain. It is important to give your parrot(s) a variety of toys, including plenty that they can chew up! A bird that does not chew enough may develop an overgrown or flaky beak.
Adapted from Basic Pet Bird Care by Peter S. Sakas DVM, MS